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ielts 范文

雅思8.0分作文|旅游业的发展是否利大于弊

International travel is becoming cheaper, and more and more countries open their door and welcome more and more tourists. Do the advantages of the increased tourism outweigh its disadvantages?

出国旅行变得越来越便宜,越来越多的国家打开大门,欢迎游客的到来。旅游业发展带来的好处是否多于它的坏处?

写作思路:

Paragraph 1

转述题目,简略地提出可能存在的好处和坏处

Paragraph 2—-advantages

—-传播文化

—-发展经济

Paragraph 3—-disadvantages

—-破坏环境(碳排放)

—-国家经济对旅游业过于依赖

Paragraph 4

结论:好处多于坏处,但国家在发展旅游业的同时也要处理好可能出现的问题

范文解析:

As international travel has become cheaper, more countries have started to embrace tourism as a staple of their culture and income. Increased tourism has helped expand their economy, globalized cultural traditions, and diversified other practices. Yet it has also introduced significant issues such as environmental concerns and a dangerous dependency on tourism for infrastructure and wealth.

New vocabulary:

1. embrace  v. 拥抱,采纳

2. staple  n.主要产品,主题

3. globalize  v. 使全球化

4. diversify  v. 使多样化

The increase in tourism has helped countries to educate others on their culture and religions, benefiting both the country by spreading knowledge and the tourist by enriching their life experience. This has helped diversify the cultures we see around the world which helps sustain tourism for the long-term. Economic growth is another advantage of increased tourism as there is a heightened need for local products and businesses, and thus an increase in profits for the country in question.

New vocabulary:

1. religion  n.宗教

2. sustain  v. 维持,支撑

3. heighten   v. 提高,增强

However, increased tourism has also introduced environmental concerns as we see carbon emissions and greenhouse gases increase alongside tourism. With tourism taking an estimated 8% of global greenhouse gas emissions, there is a significant danger for climate change and global warming. Countries who rely on tourism as their primary source of income have also suffered recently from Covid-19 which has practically shut down the tourism industry due to the need for lockdowns and isolation. This highlights the danger of dependency on tourism, as natural disasters or global restrictions can lead to economic ruin if there is no backup plan in place.

New vocabulary:

1. estimated  adj. 估计的

2. shut down  停工,关闭

3. lockdown  n.  封锁

4. isolation  n. 隔离

5. highlight  v. 突出,强调

6. ruin  n. 毁坏,毁灭

7. backup plan 备份计划

Overall, the advantages significantly outweigh the disadvantages of increased tourism as it allows many countries to prosper. Local governments need to take into consideration potential environmental concerns and implement smarter and greener solutions. It is also important for countries to have crisis plans in place for uncontrollable disasters.

New vocabulary:

1. prosper  v. 繁 荣

2. implement  v. 实施,执行

3. crisis  n. 危机

评价:

该作文为八分范文。

这道题相对来说难度不大,但“烤鸭”们也需确定好论证观点主要方向。虽然话题是旅游业发展带来的影响,但是我们需要分析的是国际旅游业给国家/社会带来的影响,而非针对于游客个人,因而大家需要注意不要写不相关的偏题观点。在这篇范文中,笔者又把对于国家的影响细化到了文化,经济,环境,可持续发展的方面加以论述,整体词汇表达难度不大,可供大家在类似话题的作文中参考应用。

周文丽Vivien,OGE雅思写作主讲。英国斯特拉斯克莱德大学学士学位,谢菲尔德大学硕士学位,对雅思考试的命题思路研究深刻透彻。

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