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ielts 范文

2021.6.12雅思大陆写作8分作文 | 大学教育应关注就业技能还是学术研究?

Some people believe that university education should focus on the skills of employment for the future. Others think they should focus on academic study only. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

(一些人认为大学教育应该关注未来就业的技能。其他人认为他们应该只专注于学术研究。讨论两种观点并给出你的意见。)

关键词:university educationskills of employment for the futureacademic study onlyboth viewsyour opinion

结构及思路

Paragraph 1 – Introduction

强调高等教育及其课程内容的重要性并转述双方观点。

Paragraph 2 – Skills of employment

论述正方观点:就业技能(即实际技能:practical skills)的重要性。

从医疗,工程等领域进行举例论证。

Paragraph 3 –  Academic Study

论述反方观点:高等教育中学术研究和专业知识点(theoretical knowledge)的重要性—–通过授课,完成作业等方式培养学生的批判性思维。

从人文科学类学科进行举例论证。

Paragraph 4 – My Opinion

自己的主观观点:

更重视实践技能,但两方面内容都是学校需要重视的,学生学习需要灵活性。

Paragraph 5 – Conclusion

结论:强调学习的灵活性,与上一段的重点相呼应

范文解析

University education is often seen as the capstone of formal learning. Students are usually from various life stages, with multiple reasons for enrolling. Most are there to obtain a bachelor’s degree in order to improve their opportunities for employment, while some desire to further increase their knowledge of the world. Therefore, there has been debate over what tertiary education should focus on.

New vocabulary and lexical resources:

1. capstone  n. 顶点

2. multiple   adj.  多重的,多样的

3. desire to  希望

4. tertiary education  高等教育

     tertiary  adj. 第三级的

Nowadays, almost every employer prefers a candidate with a university degree, and it is considered as a prerequisite for a respectable career. Hence, it’s only reasonable that university courses should be workplace-oriented, with an emphasis on equipping students to be competitive in future industries. Institutions providing technical degrees such as medical, engineering and social work have always been well-regarded in society. They are undoubtedly a practical choice for university education.

New vocabulary and lexical resources:

1. candidate   n. 候选者,应试者

2. prerequisite   n. 先决条件

3. workplace-oriented    以工作场所为导向的

    n.-oriented   adj. 以……为导向的

4. well-regarded   受到好评的

On the flip side, universities still offer courses and degrees that concentrate more on soft skills in academic learning. Many lectures and assignments expect students to understand theories, carry out research and write assignments with proper referencing. Though these tasks do not carry over to students’ lives immediately, they can develop critical thinking and organization abilities which are crucial for lifelong development as well. This is why despite not being directly related to certain professions, faculties such as Arts and Science are still commonly chosen degrees.

New vocabulary and lexical resources:

1. on the flip side  另一方面

2. soft skills 软技能

3. assignment  n. 任务,作业

4. referencing   引用  

Ultimately, I think preparing students to enter society is the main objective of education. Universities should be a place where students learn how to integrate into the workforce and contribute to community. Whether it is skill-based learning or academic study, both can build up character and encourage students’ intellectual growth.

New vocabulary and lexical resources:

1. ultimately   adv. 最后   同义词:eventually

2. integrate into 融入

3. skill-based   以技能为基础的

Furthermore, the appeal of university education is in its diversity and extent for flexibility. It is up to each individual to make the most of their time as a university student. All in all, university is a place to learn, be it for academic enlightenment or to gain professional expertise.

New vocabulary and lexical resources:

1. flexibility   n. 灵活性

2. enlightenment  n. 启蒙,启迪

3. expertise  n. 专业知识

该作文为8分范文

针对于题目discuss both views and give your opinion, 笔者对于正反双方的观点都做出了细致地解释说明,且在正文的第二段和第三段中,都用到了与学术方面相关的领域作为具体的例子去证明观点。最后,作文中的最后两段也清晰地表明了自己的看法,并且自己的看法并不是直接性的一边倒,而是强调了学生学习方式的灵活性,这样非确定性观点也是这一类题型取得高分的关键,建议同学们也可在自己的作文中给出这样非绝对性的观点

周文丽Vivien,OGE雅思写作主讲。英国斯特拉斯克莱德大学学士学位,谢菲尔德大学硕士学位,对雅思考试的命题思路研究深刻透彻。

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