分类
ielts 范文

雅思写作范文 | 过度购买的利和弊

Nowadays some countries encourage people to buy more and more products, which are good for economy, while others believe it is bad for the society. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Supporting local businesses by purchasing their products is a great way to support the economy.(引出话题) Especially due to the coronavirus pandemic, many businesses need more help than ever.(由现实情况引出正方观点) However, some people may argue that overconsumption is becoming a major problem in society. People buy far more than they need, and this can be bad for the environment. (反方观点即自己观点)

1.overconsumption  过度消费  over-为固定前缀

2.coronavirus  新冠病毒(热门话题词汇)

3.pandemic   流程病 (热门话题词汇)

Shopping stimulates the economy and helps business to be more successful.(正方观点句) Especially,due to the coronavirus pandemic, many businesses need more help than ever before. In many countries like China and the USA, this has been further exacerbated by international politics. (关联现实状况)To help local businesses keep afloat and thrive, people should support them and buy products made in their own country. Consumers are conscious of this, and many people are choosing to spend their money on local brands instead of international ones.(解释原因)

1.stimulate  v. 刺激,激励  同义词:motivate

2.exacerbate  v. 加重;使……恶化

3.thrive vi.繁荣与 prosperous词性不同,用法上不能互换

Unfortunately, purchasing more products does not come without consequences.(反方观点句) The waste from many products is massive. (分论点1) These days, many people shop online. The e-Commerce industry relies heavily on plastic packaging and the transportation of goods through non-electric vehicles and extremely polluting air carriers. (举例论证)Even if people are buying sustainable products, the ecological footprint can still be large. Additionally, people are more often than not buying things that they do not need.(分论点2) Apps such as Taobao are designed to be addicting and influence your purchasing decisions. (举例论证)The combination of these two factors is greatly contributing to some of the world’s most serious problems such as global warming. 

1.plastic packaging 塑料包装

2.non-electric vehicles 非电动车

3.sustainable  adj. 可持续的

4.sustainable development 可持续发展

5.more often than not通常,多半

It’s clear that the economy can be boosted by purchasing more. However, the consequences of this outweigh the positive effects. (再次强调观点)Overconsumption may improve the financial situation of countries, but it contributes to the erosion of the Earth’s environment. It is easy for citizens and governments to overlook this however, as the real consequences will only be felt by the next generations to come.(概括前文观点)

1.boost v. 促进,增加

2.erosion  n. 侵蚀,腐蚀    词根:erode

3.overlook  v. 忽略,忽视  同义词:ignore/neglect

范文翻译:

支持当地企业通过购买他们的产品是一个伟大的方式来支持经济。特别是由于冠状病毒大流行,许多企业比以往任何时候都需要更多的帮助。然而,有些人可能认为,过度消费会在社会中成为一个主要的问题。人们购买远远超过他们所需要的,这可能对环境不利。

购物能够刺激经济,帮助企业更成功。特别是由于冠状病毒大流行,许多企业比以往任何时候都需要更多的帮助。在许多国家,比如中国和美国,这个问题被国际政治进一步加剧。为了帮助当地企业保持生存和发展,人们应该支持他们,在他们自己的国家购买产品。消费者意识到这一点,很多人都选择把钱花在本土品牌,而不是国际的。

不幸的是,购买更多的产品也有后果。许多产品的浪费是巨大的。现在,很多人在网上购物。电子商务行业严重依赖塑料包装和通过非电动车以及有污染的航空工具来运输货物。即使人们购买可持续产品,生态足迹仍然可以很大。此外,人们通常购买他们不需要的东西。淘宝等应用让人上瘾,影响你的购买决定。这两个因素的结合极大地导致一些世界上最严重的问题,如全球变暖。

很明显,更多的购物可以提振经济。然而, 后果是大于积极的影响的。过度消费会改善国家的财政状况,但它会导致地球环境的破坏。公民和政府很容易忽视这件事;不过,只有下一代才会感受到真正的后果。

Greg老师为大家写的这篇时事类范文,属于双观点讨论题,也是近期热点题。大家多学习其中如何做到任务回应明确,正反两方观点如何展开,首尾如何呼应的,以及如何让“负面影响较大”这一观点更有说服力。文中高级词汇及短语以及形式主语,被动句等结构,让观点更加清晰,满足雅思考试8分的标准。

–周文丽,OGE雅思写作主讲,教龄6年,谢菲尔德大学教育学硕士

发表评论

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注