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ielts 范文

2021.1.23雅思大陆考试 | 听说读写是否是学习一门外语的关键? 8分范文

When you learn a foreign language, all four skills (listening, reading, speaking, writing) are equally important. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
当你学习一门外语时,所有四种技能(听、读、说、写)同等重要。你在多大程度上同意或不同意?


由OGE雅思外籍成员Tessa提供思路和范文

高分范文

In today’s globalised society(全球化的社会), knowledge of a foreign language is a highly sought after skill. It is argued that the four components (部分)– listening, reading, speaking and writing – are equally important. This essay will discuss this, and offer my own thoughts on the argument.


Most people learn a language in order to speak it, whether for work or for pleasure. After all, languages were originally only spoken: created as a way to communicate with others, just as they are now. To converse effectively, one also needs to be able to listen. Furthermore, an individual will find it easier to travel, with more opportunities than a person who can solely read or write. Conversely(相对的), the ability to read and write another language is not to be underestimated. Especially important in business, reading and writing enables conversation through other mediums, where talking may not be possible. The ability to comprehend the written language also gives a person a richer and more comprehensive (全方面的)understanding.
In my opinion, all of these components of learning a language are equally important, however some may take precedence(优先), depending on an individual’s reason for acquiring another language. As mentioned, the ability to speak another language will make travel easier and more accessible, as will the skill of listening. Reading and writing will enable an employee to connect with many of their co-workers all over the world. Moreover, for an immigrant(移民), the ability to speak, listen, read and write in the language of their new country will ensure a smoother and simpler transition.


All four skills are equally as important, but depending on the circumstances(情况), one or two skills may be more important. Thus, it is beneficial to be fluent(流利) in all four components, with the facility to use each one when it is required.

Brainstorming头脑风暴

I started with brainstorming on why people might choose to learn another language – work, travel, pleasure- and then what components of the language would be most important for each. I also did some Google searches to get expert opinions on the topic – using language websites, YouTube videos and journal articles.我先解析了人们学习另一种语言的原因,比如:工作,旅游,爱好。然后,分析了听说读写4个方面的重要性。之后,在网络搜寻专家的建议。I decided to focus on the benefits of each skill in the first paragraph and then discuss my opinion in the second paragraph.我决定在第一段列举每一项的优点然后在第二段加入自己的理解与想法。


First paragraph:第一段
Firstly, why speaking a language is important and how it benefits people when travelling. I also used this to connect to listening, as speaking to someone necessarily requires the ability to listen as well.首先讨论在旅游的时候,说是很重要的一部分,然后连接上听的重要性。Secondly, why reading and writing are important and how they benefit people, especially in business.第二,解析了读写的重要性,特别在工作与商业方面。


Second paragraph:第二段
Firstly, I offered my opinion- that each is important, but one may be more important than the others depending on the circumstances or reason.首先,我提供了我的观点,在不同情况下听说读写有不同的重要性。
Secondly, how one skill like speaking is important for travellers; why writing is important for employees; and why all four skills are equally important for immigrants.然后,解释了我的观点,为什么对旅客说是最重要的,对员工写更重要,最后在移民角度听说读写一样重要。

Key words and phrases used for research:


Learning foreign language学习外国语言

travelling overseas出国旅游

language skills语言能力

Bilingualism双语

Polyglots多语言

Immigration移民

working overseas出国工作

Communication交流

Globalisation全球化

Good luck with your IELTS test

【作者介绍】Tessa,OGE雅思外籍成员,母语为英语,新西兰坎特伯雷大学英语文学和法语专业。

(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)

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