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ielts 范文

2021.1.9雅思大陆考试 | 论跨国企业对全球化的重要性 8分范文

​The spread of multinational companies and the resulting increase of globalization produce positive effects to everyone. Do you agree or disagree?

跨国公司的扩张和由此产生的全球化的增加对每个人都产生了积极的影响。你同意还是反对?

由OGE雅思外籍成员Viola提供写作思路与范文

8分范文

Globalization(全球化) has enabled big companies to set up outlets, factories (工程)and management facilities in separate countries, resulting in the term ‘multinational companies’. Examples include Lenovo, Huawei and Datang Telecom. Some believe these phenomena (现象)produce positive effects to everyone, but I disagree.

First and foremost, the rise of multinational corporations allows consumers from all over the world to have access to similar products(相同产品). Services are also believed to be faster, cheaper and of higher quality, due to the strategies that are used in creating a global production chain(全球生产链). However, the issue of homogeneity (同化)also arises, causing a lack of diversity (不同性)in popular products and offering the customers with less buying choices.

Secondly, districts or countries such as Bangladesh, India and Pakistan are very vulnerable (无助的)to exploitation by multinational companies. Workers in poverty are employed to work at local factories employed by overseas companies, because the salary (工资)they demand is lower than those in more developed countries(发达国家). Multinational companies are therefore notorious for using this tactic to lower their production costs and gain more profit. The ill treatment of labourers is an extremely negative aspect of globalization, especially when it enables companies to do so at a more extensive scale. 

Thirdly, multinational companies can increase the productivity (生产力)of their branches through division of labour. This speeds up the manufacturing process and causes millions of goods to be made every day. The transport required to ship commodities (产品) and finished wares also causes a high consumption of fuel and electricity. Multinational companies and globalization have accelerated(加速) the speed of which Earth’s natural resources(天然资源) are being used up, which will negatively impact the human population. Problems such as climate change(气候变化) and pollution have worsened greatly since the spread of multinational companies.

In conclusion, although on the surface, multinational companies can seem very promising, there is a dark side lurking beneath. In the long term, their highly utilized and effective method of production will harm rather than benefit everyone. Globalization will only intensify the scale of damage they can do, if the companies are not legally and morally regulated. 

Brainstorming

写 作 思 路

Paragraph 1 – Introduction

第一段-简介

Define multinational companies – emergence under globalization

解释什么是跨国企业

E.g. Haier, Lenovo, Huawei, Datang Telecom. I disagree mostly

例如:海尔,联想,华为

Paragraph 2

第二段

Products are made faster, cheaper and better

产品出产更快,更便宜,和更好

Paragraph 3

第三段

Poorer areas, districts or countries such as Bangladesh, India, Pakistan workers are exploited by the companies

孟加拉国、印度、巴基斯坦等贫困地区、地区或国家的工人受到公司剥削

Paragraph 4

第四段

Mass production environmental impact affects the whole world

高产量对地球坏境的影响

Paragraph 5

第五段

More negative effects than positive

弊大于利

Keywords and phrases

关键词

  • a lack of diversity缺乏不同性
  • a global production chain全球生产链
  • multinational companies跨国企业
  • more developed countries发达国家
  • Earth’s natural resources天然资源
  • productivity生产力
  • climate change气候变化
  • Negative aspect of globalization全球化带来的负面影响

 Good luck with your IELTS test

【作者介绍】Viola,出生于香港,OGE雅思教研团队成员,奥克兰大学跨国文化与创新实践专业,全球研究学士学位课程。

(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)

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