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ielts 范文

2021.8.14雅思大陆考场写作8分范文 | 发展中国家是否应该推动旅游业发展

​Increasing number of developing countries expanding tourist industries. Why is it the case? Is it a positive development?

越来越多的发展中国家扩大旅游业。为什么会这样?这是一个积极的发展吗?

由OGE雅思外籍成员Tessa提供写作思路与范文

8分范文

In an increasingly globalised society(全球化社会), many developing countries are expanding their tourism industry. This essay will discuss why this expansion(拓展) is occurring, and consider whether this is a positive development.

Demand for tourism has increased exponentially since the creation of the airplane and its subsequent monopoly(垄断)over international travel. Now, people can travel to foreign countries with ease and speed. Therefore, developing countries needed to develop a tourism industry to cater to the hordes of travellers visiting their country, and to take advantage of the economic opportunities they provided. Furthermore, many developing countries lack the natural resources(自然资源), such as oil or fertile land(农田), that would normally provide economic prosperity(繁荣经济). Tourism provides these countries with the financial resources they need to survive. Moreover, people now tend to have more leisure time and more disposable income. As such, developing countries can expand their tourist industries to cater to all tastes, from travellers seeking relaxation to those seeking adventure.

Overall this is a positive development. Tourism provides economic stability to these countries, and importantly, creates jobs for local people. With the expansion of the tourism industry into niche markets(安逸的市场), such as food tourism, adventure sports, historical tourism and the like, more and more jobs are created. It also provides tourists and locals alike with the opportunity to meet people from other cultures, to speak different languages, to exchange ideas and to learn from each other. Doing so gives us a better understanding of the world around us, and a more empathetic, less ignorant outlook on life. In addition, the income generated from tourism can be used to create better housing and schooling for a country’s inhabitants.

For those developing countries who rely on tourism, expanding the industry creates financial gains, more jobs and a better, more stable lifestyle.

Brainstorming

写作思路

I first brainstormed and listed reasons why developing countries would be expanding their toursim industry, using my own ideas and research from articles from The Guardian, CNN and tourism websites. I also read journal articles about the affects of the tourism industry, and used these to list reasons why it is a positive development.

我首先列举了发展中国家要拓展旅游业的原因,然后用我自己的想法与调查去更深入的探讨。我借鉴不同网站比如,The Guardian, CNN 等。我也查阅了为什么旅游业会推动经济发展。

Reasons why developing countries are expanding the tourism industry:

  • People can travel faster and easier now, so the industry needs to cater to this expansion.
  • People have more money and want to be able to spend it.
  • Developing countries lack natural resources so rely on tourism.
  • Creates income and employment

支持发展旅游业的原因

  • 人们可以更快和更便捷的去旅游,这样可以促进整个产业链的增长。
  • 人们可以变得更富有
  • 发展中国家更容易通过旅游促进经济,因为缺乏自然资源
  • 提供更多收入与职位

Reasons for positive development:

  • Employment for many- creates jobs
  • Main source of income for countries
  • Money can also be used for education and housing
  • Sharing of cultures and languages creates a better understanding of world around us

旅游业对发展的益处

  • 创造更多岗位
  • 大力推动国家经济
  • 经济增长可以提高教育水平或住房水平
  • 分享文化和语言,让世界对发展中国家有更多了解。

I decided the first paragraph would focus on the reasons for expansion, and used all the bullet points I had listed.

我决定第一段讨论为什么要拓展旅游业。

The second paragraph focused on why this was a positive development, and again I used all the bullet points I had listed.

第二段,我注重讨论为什么旅游发展是有益的发展。

Keywords and phrases

关键词

  • tourism industry 旅游业
  • developing tourism 旅游发展
  • positive effects of tourism 旅游带来的好处
  • job creation 职位的增加
  • niche tourism 适当的旅游
  • employment 工作
  • tourism marketing 旅游市场

~End~

Good luck with your IELTS test

【作者介绍】Tessa,OGE雅思外籍成员,母语为英语,新西兰坎特伯雷大学英语文学和法语专业。

(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)

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