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ielts 范文

2021.8.21雅思大陆考场写作8分范文 | 科学研究是否应该由政府控制

Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by government rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree.

科学研究应该由政府而不是私人公司进行和控制。你在多大程度上同意或不同意。

由OGE雅思外籍成员Tessa提供写作思路与范文

8分范文

Currently, scientific research is carried out by both private companies and governments. Some contend that scientific research should be carried out solely by corporations. Though there are some compelling arguments for this, I believe research should be funded and run by the state.

目前,科学研究由私营公司和政府共同进行。一些人主张科学研究应该完全由公司进行。尽管有一些令人信服的理由支持这一点,但我认为研究应该由国家资助和管理。

Those who argue for private sector control assert that as their primary focus is to undertake research, they have more time available to conduct testing. Companies have the facilities and resources available to carry out research on one particular issue for years into the future. Governments, on the other hand, have many priorities, and may have to reduce time and funding to scientific research to focus on other problems. Furthermore, when one government is replaced by another, their values may also change. This could mean that research prioritised by the previous government no longer takes precedence, and crucial research may be under-funded, postponed or cancelled.

那些主张私营部门控制的人断言,由于他们的主要重点是进行研究,他们有更多的时间进行测试。公司拥有设施和资源,可以在未来数年内对某一特定问题进行研究。另一方面,政府有许多优先事项,可能不得不减少科研的时间和资金,以关注其他问题。此外,当一个政府被另一个政府取代时,他们的价值观也可能改变。这可能意味着前政府优先考虑的研究不再优先,关键研究可能资金不足、推迟或取消。

However, as companies have their own profit motives, their results may be flawed and objective. They may be tempted to manipulate results in order to maximise profits. As an example, the use of thalidomide, introduced into the market without proper testing and trials, caused birth defects in thousands of children. Moreover, private companies may fail to take into account the social and ethical consequences of their research. The use of genetically modified crops, though it has some benefits, also has harmful effects on the human body and disrupts biodiversity. In my opinion, it would be better for governments to control research by having it conducted within universities, where study is designed to benefit society, rather than company profits.

然而,由于公司有自己的利润动机,其结果可能是有缺陷的和客观的。他们可能会试图操纵结果以实现利润最大化。例如,未经适当测试和试验而引入市场的沙利度胺的使用导致数千名儿童出生缺陷。此外,私营公司可能没有考虑到其研究的社会和道德后果。转基因作物的使用虽然有一些好处,但也会对人体产生有害影响,破坏生物多样性。在我看来,政府最好通过在大学内进行研究来控制研究,因为大学的研究目的是造福社会,而不是公司的利润。

To conclude, scientific research should be controlled by governments who are best placed to take into consideration where funding should be spent, both in the present and in the future.

总而言之,科学研究应该由政府控制,政府最有能力考虑在当前和未来的资金应该花在哪里。

Brainstorming

写作思路

I started by listing reasons for and against having scientific research controlled by governments. I also researched the topic, using information from articles in The Guardian, The New York Times and Washington Post. I also looked up journal articles using Google Scholar to find more information and detail.

我首先列出了支持和反对政府控制科学研究的理由。我还查阅《卫报》、《纽约时报》和《华盛顿邮报》的文章中的信息研究了这个话题。我还使用谷歌学者(GoogleScholar)查找期刊文章,以查找更多信息和细节。


I then listed the reasons for and against, and decided which side I agreed with.

然后我列出了赞成和反对的理由,并决定同意哪一方。

Reasons for having government control scientific research:

政府控制科学研究的原因

  • Private companies concerned with own profits – motivated by profit.
  • Motivations may lead to unethical research and manipulated results.
  • Private companies having a monopoly over medication can result in expensive products that people cannot afford.
  • If our taxes pay for this research, we can demand better control and have more say in research and use.
  • Governments should have research done in universities, where studies are purely for social benefit.
  • Governments better poised to determine where funding should go in ways that benefit all.
  • Governments in a better position to help funding of research in the future.
  • 关注自身利益的私营公司——受利益驱动。
  • 动机可能导致不道德的研究和操纵结果。
  • 私人公司垄断药物可能会导致人们买不起昂贵的产品。
  • 如果我们的税收为这项研究买单,我们就可以要求更好的控制,并在研究和使用方面有更多的发言权。
  • 政府应该在大学里进行研究,因为大学里的研究纯粹是为了社会利益。
  • 各国政府能够更好地确定资金应该以惠及所有人的方式流向何处。
  • 政府在未来更能帮助资助研究。

Reasons against having government control scientific research:

反对政府控制科学研究的理由:

  • Governments have many priorities and obligations, so may not have adequate time to put aside for research.
  • Funding of research may be discontinued if governments have to prioritise other issues.
  • Corrupt governments may have ulterior motives, not focused on the benefits to taxpayers
  • Political changes within governments may mean research is cancelled or de-funded according to the values of the party in power.
  • 政府有许多优先事项和义务,因此可能没有足够的时间用于研究。
  • 如果政府必须优先考虑其他问题,研究资金可能会中断。
  • 腐败的政府可能别有用心,不关注纳税人的利益
  • 政府内部的政治变化可能意味着根据执政党的价值观取消或取消研究经费。

I decided the first paragraph would focus on reasons why private companies should control research, and chose two main points to focus on.我决定(内容)第一段将重点讨论私营公司控制研究的原因,并选择了两个要点作为重点。

First paragraph:

内容第一段

  • Governments have many priorities and obligations, so may not have adequate time to put aside for research.
  • Political changes within governments may mean research is cancelled or de-funded according to the values of the party in power.
  • 政府有许多优先事项和义务,因此可能没有足够的时间用于研究。
  • 政府内部的政治变化可能意味着根据执政党的价值观取消研究或取消研究经费。

For the second paragraph I decided to focus on reasons why government should control research, and further explain why I agreed with this, using examples to strengthen my argument. I chose three main points.在第二段中,我决定把重点放在政府应该控制研究的原因上,并进一步解释为什么我同意这一点,用例子来加强我的论点。我选择了三个要点。

Second paragraph:

内容第二段

  • Private companies concerned with own profits – motivated by profit.
  • Motivations may lead to unethical research and manipulated results.
  • Governments should have research done in universities, where studies are purely for social benefit.
  • 关注自身利益的私营公司——受利益驱动。
  • 动机可能导致不道德的研究和操纵结果。政府应该在大学里进行研究,因为大学里的研究纯粹是为了社会利益。

Key words and phrases:

关键词

  • Scientific research; 科学研究;
  • private sector and science; 私营部门和科学
  • government research; 政府研究;
  • GM crops; 转基因作物
  • thalidomide; 沙利度胺;
  • ethical research; 伦理研究;
  • research monopoly; 研究垄断;
  • big Pharma; 大型制药公司;
  • scientific funding;科学资助。

~End~

Good luck with your IELTS test

【作者介绍】Tessa,OGE雅思外籍成员,母语为英语,新西兰坎特伯雷大学英语文学和法语专业。(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)

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