分类
ielts 范文

2021.3.6雅思大陆考场写作8分范文 | 晚生育对社会的影响

In some countries around the world men and women are having children later in life. What are the reasons for this development? What are the effects on society and family life?

在世界上的一些国家,男人和女人在晚年生孩子。这种发展的原因是什么?对社会和家庭生活有什么影响?

由OGE雅思外籍成员Tessa提供写作思路与范文

8分范文

Over the last fifty years or so, many men and women have chosen to delay having children till later in life. This essay will discuss the reasons for this change, and what the effects on society and family life might be.

There are several reasons for this development. Primarily(首先), women now have the opportunity and resources available to pursue their own careers. In the past, women had no choice but to marry and have children. As gender equality has improved, women can choose to focus on their profession and establish their career. Furthermore, some adults may wish to undertake further education before having children. In 2019/20, 37% of undergraduate students (本科生)were mature students. People with university qualifications are more employable, so for this reason, some parents may also choose to delay having children as they wish to have financial stability first.

This development has both positive and negative effects on society and family life. For society, delaying having children generally makes for a wealthier population and a more prosperous economy, as the public have more money for discretionary spending(非必需性消费). Furthermore, a more financially stable society produces a happier population. However, having children later creates an aging population, which requires more government spending on healthcare and pensions(养老金). For families, older parents tend to be more emotionally secure and mature, which creates harmonious(和谐) familial relationships. Older parents are more often settled in their occupation, tend to own a home, and more likely to have a higher income. Conversely though, older parents are less active and energetic, so are less physically able to look after their growing children.

Overall, people should have the choice to have children later in life, if at all. However, they should consider the consequences of these decisions.

Brainstorming

写作思路

Firstly I brainstormed reasons why this change has occurred, and what effects it might have on society and family life. I also researched the topic, using journal articles that researched the effects of having children later. I also used articles on the topic, from the BBC and The Guardian.I then collated the ideas and listed them.

首先,我考虑了导致问题原因,然后思考了整件事对社会的影响。我也查阅了很多关于大龄父母对孩子影响的文章。我也调查了很多,BBC和The Guardian 的报道。最后给予总结。

Reasons for development:

  • Women and men want to pursue a career first
  • Want to further their education
  • Want financial stability before starting a family
  • May choose to remain single rather than marry and have children
  • People have more choice now – can travel, work anywhere, instead of starting a famil immediately
  • Medical options – women are able to delay making a decision by having eggs frozen, can also have IVF

导致的原因

  • 人们追求更高的职业晋升
  • 人们追求更高学历
  • 希望先立业再成家
  • 很多喜欢并习惯单身生活
  • 除了成家立业,人们有更多选择,例如,旅游等。。。
  • 医学的进步,人们有选择何时生育,例如,冻卵,试管婴儿等技术。

Effect on society:

Positive:

  • Generally wealthier and more prosperous economy
  • Happier society as able to make own choices

对社会的正面影响

  • 人们变得更富有,是经济更景气
  • 幸福度提升因为人们可以自己选择人生

Negative:

  • Aging workforce
  • Aging population – more spending on healthcare etc
  • Lower birth rate – affects growing economy

对社会的负面影响

  • 老龄化就业
  • 人口老龄化 – 更多医疗等支出
  • 低出生率 – 影响经济增长

Effect on family life:

Positive:

  • Older parents are more emotionally stable
  • Children have more stable upbringing, less financial stress,
  • Children of older parents tend to have a higher education as better off financially

对家庭正面影响

  • 大龄父母有更多存款
  • 孩子的经济负担减少
  • 教育水平提高因为经济压力减少

Negative:

  • Less time with grandparents
  • Difference in age gap with parents and children- parents less active, not as energetic as younger parents
  • Generation gap with technology and understanding changing attitudes within society

对家庭负面影响

  • 和祖父母时间减少
  • 因为年龄差距,父母精力不如孩子
  • 年龄代沟影响对不同事务的态度

FIRST PARAGRAPH:

I decided the first paragraph would focus on the reasons, and chose to focus on two points from my list to focus on and expand:

我觉得先讨论事件的原因,然后选择2个重点进行深入分析。

  • Pursue own career
  • Further tertiary education – for themselves and to be financially stable first
  • 职业晋升
  • 追求更好教育 – 希望有稳定收入

SECOND PARAGRAPH:

I decided the second paragraph would focus on the effects on society and family life, and chose one or two points from each list – both positive and negative – to expand on for this paragraph.

我决定重点讲解社会与家庭,然后选择一或两个重点进行利与弊的对比。

Positive effects on society:

  • Wealthier population, with more money.
  • Happier population

对社会的正面影响

  • 人们变得更富有,是经济更景气
  • 幸福度提升因为人们可以自己选择人生

Negative effects on society:

  • Creates an older population requiring more government spending

对社会的负面影响

  • 老龄化人口需要更多政府开销

Positive effects on family:

  • Older parents more emotionally stable – better relationship with children
  • Older parents have more money – can provide better for their children

对家庭正面影响

  • 大龄父母心态更好,有稳定情绪
  • 大龄父母有更多存款,孩子的经济负担减少

Negative effects on family:

  • Older parents less active – harder to look after children physically

对家庭负面影响

  • 因为年龄差距,父母精力不如孩子 – 不能配备和照顾孩子

Keywords and phrases:关键词

  • Older parents大龄父母
  • delayed parenthood晚生育
  • aging effects on fertility and pregnancy年龄对怀孕的影响
  • risks of delaying having children晚生育的风险
  • societal consequences社会结果

~End~

 Good luck with your IELTS test

【作者介绍】Tessa,OGE雅思外籍成员,母语为英语,新西兰坎特伯雷大学英语文学和法语专业。(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)

发表评论

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注