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ielts 范文

2021.4.10雅思大陆考场写作8分范文|如何鼓励人们使用自行车

In some countries the number of people who use bicycles as their main form of transport is decreasing even though riding bicycles has many benefits. What are the reasons? What could be done to encourage the use of bicycles?

在一些国家,尽管骑自行车有很多好处,但使用自行车作为主要交通工具的人数正在减少。原因是什么?可以采取哪些措施来鼓励使用自行车?

由OGE雅思外籍成员Tessa提供写作思路与范文

​8 分 范 文

Despite the numerous benefits of cycling, in some countries the number of people using them as their main form of transport is decreasing. As many of us lead increasingly sedentary lifestyles, it is important that we remain active. This essay will consider the reasons why this is occurring, and what can be done to encourage the use of bicycles.

Many people today are time-poor, with little time to spend commuting back and forth to work. Because of this, they choose to use their cars to travel instead. For example, statistics gathered on road traffic in Great Britain showed that in 2019, a mere 1% of vehicular traffic was bicycles. In comparison, 77% of road traffic was cars. Furthermore, many people are discouraged from using bikes to commute, as they fear they may be harmed by car drivers. Road rage against cyclists does not seem to be abating, and many cyclists have been hospitalised after being hit by drivers.

To encourage people to use bicycles, governments should create designated cycle paths. This way cyclists can feel confident, knowing they will not be subject to abuse and violence by drivers angered by their use of the road. They can also ride at their own pace, and can enjoy sharing the path with like-minded people, and their own children. In Denmark for example, there are over 11,000 kms of safe, hazard free cycle routes that people of all ages use every day. Moreover, governments should educate citizens on the benefits of cycling from a young age. This way, children are more likely to take up cycling and continue to do so into adulthood.

Cycling has many benefits, physically, socially and mentally. We need to encourage the use of bicycles from an early age, and provide people with the resources to be able to use them easily and affordably.

Brainstorming

写 作 思 路

I started by researching about the benefits of cycling, and reading up on articles about bicycle use, why it might be decreasing, and how the use of bikes can be encouraged. I used news articles from the BBC, The Guardian and CNN. I also read articles from road and traffic websites, and cycling magazines. After doing this I listed the reasons why people might not be cycling, and then the ways we can encourage their use.

我首先研究了骑自行车的好处,并阅读了有关自行车使用、自行车使用量减少的原因以及如何鼓励使用自行车的文章。我参考了 BBC、卫报和 CNN 的新闻文章,还阅读道路和交通网站以及自行车杂志上的文章。这样做之后,我列出了人们可能不骑自行车的原因,以及我们可以鼓励他们使用的方式。

Reasons for decrease:

  • People are time poor so use cars as faster- use statistics from UK study
  • In many countries public transport is inexpensive and easy to use
  • People discouraged by bad weather
  • Can be dangerous for cyclists to use the road i.e. road rage against cyclists
  • Cars are more convenient for those with children or needing to drive long distances
  • Roads in bad condition – not easy or safe to cycle on

减少原因:

  • 人们时间有限,所以使用汽车更快 – 使用来自英国研究的统计数据
  • 在许多国家,公共交通既便宜又方便
  • 人们因恶劣天气而放弃
  • 骑自行车的人在行驶中可能很危险,如对自行车不满的路怒司机
  • 对于有孩子或需要长途驾驶的人来说,汽车更方便
  • 道路状况不佳 – 骑自行车不容易或不安全

Ways to encourage use:

  • Designated cycle paths – use example of Denmark
  • Governments could offer some sort of reward system for cyclists
  • Governments should educate people on how to safely share the roads
  • Government should educate people on the benefits of cycling, and start this from an early age

鼓励使用的方法:

  • 指定的自行车道——以丹麦为例
  • 政府可以为骑自行车的人提供某种奖励制度
  • 政府应该教育人们如何安全地共享道路
  • 政府应该从小教育人们骑自行车的好处

I decided the first paragraph would focus on the reasons for the decrease. I chose two main points to focus on, and used the UK study as an example:

我决定第一段将重点放在减少的原因上。我选择了两个重点,并以英国的研究为例:

Paragraph one:

  • People are time poor so use cars as faster- use statistics from UK study
  • Can be dangerous for cyclists to use the road i.e. road rage against cyclists

主体第一段:

  • 人们时间有限,所以使用汽车更快 – 使用来自英国研究的统计数据
  • 骑自行车的人在行驶中可能很危险,如对自行车不满的路怒司机

For the second paragraph I chose to pick two ways we can encourage people to cycle, and used the Denmark example to strengthen my argument:

对于第二段,我选择了两种鼓励人们骑车的方式,并使用丹麦的例子来加强我的论点:

Paragraph two:

  • Designated cycle paths – use example of Denmark
  • Government should educate people on the benefits of cycling, and start this from an early age

主体第二段:

  • 指定的自行车道——以丹麦为例
  • 政府应该从小教育人们骑自行车的好处

Keywords and phrases:

  • benefits of cycling 骑自行车的好处
  • reasons for decrease in cycling减少骑自行车的原因
  • ways to encourage cycling鼓励骑自行车的方法
  • cycling statistics自行车的统计数据
  • cycle paths自行车道
  • cycle routes Denmark丹麦自行车道
  • government cycling initiatives 政府的骑行倡议
  • road rage路怒症

~End~

Good luck with your IELTS test

【作者介绍】Tessa,OGE雅思外籍成员,母语为英语,新西兰坎特伯雷大学英语文学和法语专业。(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)

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