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ielts 范文

2021.9.4大陆雅思写作8分范文|无人驾驶汽车的广泛使用

It will be better to have wide use of driverless cars for individuals and society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?

对于个人和社会来说,无人驾驶汽车的广泛使用会更好。您在多大程度上同意或不同意?

由OGE雅思外籍成员Tessa提供写作思路与范文

8分范文

While the work on creating fully driverless cars is still in progress, some people say that should it become a reality, then driverless cars should be used widely. They assert that this has real benefits for individuals and society. This essay will discuss the pros and cons, and offer my own opinion on this statement.

Those with reservations cite traffic congestion as a real concern. If autonomous cars become popular, we could see a significant increase in the number of cars on the road. People who were unable to drive would have the opportunity to use these cars instead, meaning that the number of vehicles in circulation could rise dramatically. Additionally, there is the potential loss of jobs for many people, should driverless cars become the norm. Uber and taxi drivers, as well as truck drivers transporting goods cross-country, would have their livelihoods severely impacted by such a change. Furthermore, an increase in unemployed citizens will have societal repercussions.

However, I believe there are considerable benefits to autonomous vehicles being widely used. Firstly, there is the human and social benefit, with the potential for lives being saved. An estimated 90% of all road fatalities are attributed to human error. Speeding, drink driving and distractions occur frequently, with 1.3 million people killed worldwide each year in traffic accidents. Removing the human element from driving would reduce accidents and save many lives. Secondly, the majority of driverless cars will be electric, which will have cruical benefits for the environment. Electric vehicle use would reduce the amount of emissions released into the atmosphere, which means a healthier, cleaner environment for people, and much less illness.

Though the reality of autonomous cars is still a way off, the benefits to individuals and society greatly outweigh the negatives and should be considered.

Brainstorming:

写作思路

Firstly I started brainstorming my own list of pros and cons for wide-use driverless cars. I then researched the topic by reading articles and opinion pieces, from The Guardian, CNN and The New York Times. I also consulted traffic websites, vehicle websites and statistics on road fatalities.

开始的时候,我先列出自己的关于广泛使用无人驾驶汽车的优缺点。然后,我通过阅读《卫报》、CNN和《纽约时报》的文章和评论文章来研究这个话题。我还查阅了交通网站、车辆网站和道路死亡统计数据。

Cons:

  • Increase of vehicles affects congestion
  • Risk of criminal hacking / computer crashes or glitches
  • Loss of jobs – taxi, Uber, truck drivers
  • Expenses – could initially be very expensive to purchase
  • People that like to drive- may not be able to should manually driven cars stop being made

缺点:

  • 车辆增加会影响交通拥堵
  • 犯罪黑客/计算机崩溃或故障风险
  • 失业—出租车、优步、卡车司机
  • 费用—最初可能非常昂贵
  • 喜欢驾驶的人-如果手动驾驶的汽车停止制造,可能无法驾驶

Pros:

  • Lives saved – removes the risk of human error, so significant drop in crashes.
  • Economic benefits — cost to taxpayers for road crashes would decrease if number of crashes decreases
  • People who can’t drive would have accessibility
  • Better for the environment – less emissions with electric vehicles
  • People who don’t like driving can travel without having to drive
  • Quicker commute times – computers sense if other vehicles too close, reduces traffic jams and congestion

优点:

  • 拯救生命 — 消除人为错误的风险,从而显著降低事故率。
  • 经济效益 — 如果交通事故数量减少,纳税人在道路交通事故中的成本将降低
  • 不会开车的人将有无障碍
  • 更好地保护环境 — 电动汽车排放更少
  • 不喜欢开车的人可以不开车出行
  • 更快的通勤时间 — 如果其他车辆太近,计算机会感应,减少交通堵塞

After listing the pros and cons, I decided I was pro-driverless cars. I decided the first paragraph would focus on the negatives, and chose two points to focus on.

在列举了优缺点之后,我决定支持无人驾驶汽车。我决定(内容)第一段将重点放在消极的方面,并选择了两个重点。

Paragraph one:

  • Increase of vehicles affects congestion
  • Loss of jobs – taxi, Uber, truck drivers

(内容)第一段:

  • 车辆增加会影响交通拥堵
  • 失业——出租车、优步、卡车司机

The second paragraph would state my opinion and focus on the positives. Again I chose two points to develop, and used statistics to back this up.

(内容)第二段将陈述我的观点,并侧重于积极的方面。我再次选择了两个要点进行展开,并使用统计数据来支持这一点。

Paragraph two:

  • Lives saved – removes the risk of human error, so significant drop in crashes – use statistics
  • Better for the environment – less emissions with electric vehicles

(内容)第二段:

  • 挽救了生命 — 消除了人为错误的风险,因此交通事故显著减少— 使用统计数据
  • 更好地保护环境 — 电动汽车排放更少

Key words/phrases:关键词/短语:

  • Driverless cars无人驾驶汽车
  • pros and cons of autonomous cars自动驾驶汽车的利弊
  • traffic fatalities statistics 交通事故统计
  • environmental impact环境影响
  • driverless cars cost and prices无人驾驶汽车成本和价格
  • electric vehicles电动汽车
  • traffic congestion交通拥堵
  • Tesla特斯拉
  • Google driverless car谷歌无人驾驶汽车

全文翻译

虽然创造全无人驾驶汽车的工作仍在进行中,但一些人说,如果这成为现实,那么无人驾驶汽车应该得到广泛应用。他们断言,这对个人和社会都有真正的好处。本文将讨论其利弊,并对这一说法提出自己的看法。

持保留意见的人认为交通拥堵是一个真正的问题。如果自动驾驶汽车变得流行,我们可以看到道路上的汽车数量显著增加。无法驾驶的人将有机会使用这些汽车,这意味着流通中的车辆数量可能会大幅增加。此外,如果无人驾驶汽车成为常态,许多人可能会失业。Uber和出租车司机,以及跨国运输货物的卡车司机,都将受到这种变化的严重影响。此外,失业公民的增加将产生社会影响。

然而,我相信广泛使用的自动驾驶汽车有相当大的好处。首先,对人类和社会有益处,以及拯救生命的潜力。据估计,90%的道路死亡事故归因于人为失误。超速、酒后驾驶和分心行为频繁发生,全世界每年有130万人死于交通事故。消除驾驶中的人为因素将减少事故并挽救许多生命。其次,大多数无人驾驶汽车将是电动的,这将对环境产生重大的好处。电动汽车的使用将减少排放到大气中的排放量,这意味着人们将有一个更健康、更清洁的环境,疾病也将大大减少。

虽然自动驾驶汽车的现实还很遥远,但对个人和社会的好处远远大于负面影响,应该予以考虑。

~End~

Good luck with your IELTS test

【作者介绍】Tessa,OGE雅思外籍成员,母语为英语,新西兰坎特伯雷大学英语文学和法语专业。(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)

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