ielts 范文


It will be better to have wide use of driverless cars for individuals and society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?




While the work on creating fully driverless cars is still in progress, some people say that should it become a reality, then driverless cars should be used widely. They assert that this has real benefits for individuals and society. This essay will discuss the pros and cons, and offer my own opinion on this statement.

Those with reservations cite traffic congestion as a real concern. If autonomous cars become popular, we could see a significant increase in the number of cars on the road. People who were unable to drive would have the opportunity to use these cars instead, meaning that the number of vehicles in circulation could rise dramatically. Additionally, there is the potential loss of jobs for many people, should driverless cars become the norm. Uber and taxi drivers, as well as truck drivers transporting goods cross-country, would have their livelihoods severely impacted by such a change. Furthermore, an increase in unemployed citizens will have societal repercussions.

However, I believe there are considerable benefits to autonomous vehicles being widely used. Firstly, there is the human and social benefit, with the potential for lives being saved. An estimated 90% of all road fatalities are attributed to human error. Speeding, drink driving and distractions occur frequently, with 1.3 million people killed worldwide each year in traffic accidents. Removing the human element from driving would reduce accidents and save many lives. Secondly, the majority of driverless cars will be electric, which will have cruical benefits for the environment. Electric vehicle use would reduce the amount of emissions released into the atmosphere, which means a healthier, cleaner environment for people, and much less illness.

Though the reality of autonomous cars is still a way off, the benefits to individuals and society greatly outweigh the negatives and should be considered.



Firstly I started brainstorming my own list of pros and cons for wide-use driverless cars. I then researched the topic by reading articles and opinion pieces, from The Guardian, CNN and The New York Times. I also consulted traffic websites, vehicle websites and statistics on road fatalities.



  • Increase of vehicles affects congestion
  • Risk of criminal hacking / computer crashes or glitches
  • Loss of jobs – taxi, Uber, truck drivers
  • Expenses – could initially be very expensive to purchase
  • People that like to drive- may not be able to should manually driven cars stop being made


  • 车辆增加会影响交通拥堵
  • 犯罪黑客/计算机崩溃或故障风险
  • 失业—出租车、优步、卡车司机
  • 费用—最初可能非常昂贵
  • 喜欢驾驶的人-如果手动驾驶的汽车停止制造,可能无法驾驶


  • Lives saved – removes the risk of human error, so significant drop in crashes.
  • Economic benefits — cost to taxpayers for road crashes would decrease if number of crashes decreases
  • People who can’t drive would have accessibility
  • Better for the environment – less emissions with electric vehicles
  • People who don’t like driving can travel without having to drive
  • Quicker commute times – computers sense if other vehicles too close, reduces traffic jams and congestion


  • 拯救生命 — 消除人为错误的风险,从而显著降低事故率。
  • 经济效益 — 如果交通事故数量减少,纳税人在道路交通事故中的成本将降低
  • 不会开车的人将有无障碍
  • 更好地保护环境 — 电动汽车排放更少
  • 不喜欢开车的人可以不开车出行
  • 更快的通勤时间 — 如果其他车辆太近,计算机会感应,减少交通堵塞

After listing the pros and cons, I decided I was pro-driverless cars. I decided the first paragraph would focus on the negatives, and chose two points to focus on.


Paragraph one:

  • Increase of vehicles affects congestion
  • Loss of jobs – taxi, Uber, truck drivers


  • 车辆增加会影响交通拥堵
  • 失业——出租车、优步、卡车司机

The second paragraph would state my opinion and focus on the positives. Again I chose two points to develop, and used statistics to back this up.


Paragraph two:

  • Lives saved – removes the risk of human error, so significant drop in crashes – use statistics
  • Better for the environment – less emissions with electric vehicles


  • 挽救了生命 — 消除了人为错误的风险,因此交通事故显著减少— 使用统计数据
  • 更好地保护环境 — 电动汽车排放更少

Key words/phrases:关键词/短语:

  • Driverless cars无人驾驶汽车
  • pros and cons of autonomous cars自动驾驶汽车的利弊
  • traffic fatalities statistics 交通事故统计
  • environmental impact环境影响
  • driverless cars cost and prices无人驾驶汽车成本和价格
  • electric vehicles电动汽车
  • traffic congestion交通拥堵
  • Tesla特斯拉
  • Google driverless car谷歌无人驾驶汽车







Good luck with your IELTS test



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