分类
ielts 范文

雅思写作真题8分范文「参加团队运动更有益,还是参加个人运动更好 」

Some people think that it’s more beneficial to take part in sports which are played in teams, like football. But othersthink taking part in individual sports is better, like swimming. Discuss bothviews and give your own opinion.题 目:有些人认为参加团队运动更有益,比如足球。但也有人认为参加个人运动更好,比如游泳。讨论两种观点并给出自己的观点。

OGE 外籍老师 Tessa 为同学们整理了本话题所需的论据,来自纽约时报、BBC、卫报以及诸多体育网站,体育赛事广告网站以及心理杂志。并附上自己的范文,希望能帮助到大家。

| Brainstorming 

First I thought of the benefits of teamsports and individual sports, and listed these. I then did some research formore reasons, reading articles from The New York Times, The BBC and The Guardian. I also read articles from sports websites, websites advertising sports events and psychological journals.

| 论 据

Team sports 团队运动

  • Social skills 社交技能
  • Communication and relationship building 沟通与关系建立
  • Less solitude 少孤独
  • Make new friends 结交新朋友
  • Learn from others 从他人那里学习

Individual sports 个人运动

  • Build confidence in oneself-strong sense of accomplishment 建立自信,有强烈的责任感
  • Self discipline 自律
  • Goals achieved alone – no one else to blame for failures 独自实现的目标,没有人为失败负责
  • Builds self esteem 建立自尊
  • Fosters mental toughness 塑造心理韧性
  • Fosters personal mastery 培养个人掌控能力

| 主体内容搭建

I decided the first paragraph would focus on individual sports, and chose two points to focus on, with an example.

我将第一段重点在个人运动上,并选出两个论点和举一个例子。

  • Fosters mental toughness 塑造心理韧性
  • Build confidence in oneself-strong sense of accomplishment 建立自信,有强烈的责任感

I decided I think team sports are more beneficial, so the second paragraph gave my opinion and two reasons to develop, again with an example.

我认为团队运动更有益,所以第二段给出了我的观点和两个展开的原因,再次举了一个例子。

  • Communication and relationship building 沟通和关系的建立
  • Make new friends 结交新朋友

| 关键词组

benefits individual sports 有利于个人运动, benefits teamsports 有利于团队运动, self discipline 自律, social skills and sport 社交技能和运动, goal setting 目标设定, self esteem 自尊。

范 文

Having a healthy life style is important for each of us, and playing sports is a good way to keep active and fit. Some people believe team sports, like football, basketball and baseball have the most benefit, while others argue that individual sports, like swimming, running and surfing, are better. This essay will discuss both views and give my own opinion.

拥有健康的生活方式对我们每个人都很重要,运动是保持活力和健康的好方法。一些人认为足球、篮球和棒球等团队运动最有好处,而另一些人则认为游泳、跑步和冲浪等个人运动更好。本文将讨论这两种观点,并给出自己的观点。

keep active and fit 保持活力和健康

Individual sports build and foster mental toughness. They demand we set personal goals, and that we focus and work hard to achieve them. For example, a swimmer may set a goal to swim a length in acertain time. Because they must rely on themselves to achieve this, they build the self discipline required to get up and practise each morning, and to remain focused, even if they suffer setbacks. By doing so, individual sports also help to build one’s confidence – by reaching these personal ambitions, the individual gains a strong sense of accomplishment.

个人体育锻炼和培养心理韧性。他们要求我们设定个人目标,并要求我们集中精力,努力实现这些目标。例如,一个游泳运动员可以设定一个目标,在一定时间内游一段距离。因为他们必须依靠自己来实现这一目标,所以他们建立了每天早上起床练习所需的自律,即使遇到挫折,也要保持专注。通过这样做,个人运动也有助于建立信心——通过实现这些个人抱负,个人获得强烈的成就感。

suffer setbacks 遭遇挫折

However, I believe that team sports have more far-reaching benefits. Primarily, team sports teach us important social skills, like communicating effectively and building harmonious relationships. For example, a football player learns how to communicate with his teammates when strategising for a game, and to do so in a communal, collaborative environment. Furthermore, team sports help us to make new friends, avoiding the feelings of solitude and loneliness that individual sports can create. These skills go beyond the playing field, helping people to make real connections outside of sport, and providing us with skills we can use in all aspects of life.

我相信团队运动有更深远的好处。首先,团队运动教会我们重要的社交技能,如有效沟通和建立和谐关系。例如,足球运动员学习如何在制定比赛策略时与队友沟通,以及如何在公共协作环境中进行沟通。此外,团队运动有助于我们结交新朋友,避免个人运动可能产生的孤独感。这些技能超越了运动场,帮助人们在运动之外建立真正的联系,并为我们提供可以在生活各个方面使用的技能。

far-reaching 影响深远

strategising for a game 策划一个比赛

Though there are benefits to all sports, be they individual or team structured, I believe thatsports played with others are better at providing us with skills that can benefit us on both a personal and social level.

虽然所有的运动都有好处,无论是个人的还是团队的,但我相信与他人一起进行的运动更能为我们提供使我们在个人和社会层面都受益的技能。

Be…or… 无论

分类
ielts 范文

21.9.25雅思写作真题「广告对社会经济和社会的影响」8分范文

Some people think advertising may have positive economic effects. Others think it has negative social effects because individuals are not satisfied with who they are and what they have. Discuss both views and giveyour opinion.

这是关于媒体类+社会类的双观点讨论题,以下由OGE外籍老师Tessa提供。

题目:

有人说广告有积极的经济影响,其他人则认为它带来负面的社会影响,因为它会让人们对自己和他们拥有的东西感到不满意。讨论双方观点,并给出你自己的看法。

BrainstormI started by brainstorming on the positive economic effects of advertising, and then what the negative social effects might be. I also researched the subject through articles in The New Yorker,Forbes magazine, The Guardian and CNN, and read articles from finance, psychology and advertising websites. I then listed the points.

我首先头脑风暴了广告的积极经济影响,然后是广告的消极社会效应。我还通过《纽约客》、《福布斯》杂志、《卫报》和CNN上的文章研究了这个话题,并阅读了金融、心理学和广告网站上的文章。然后我列出了以下要点。
Positive economic effects
积极的经济影响

  • Boosts the economy by people spending通过人们的消费促进了经济的发展
  • Creates healthy competition by producers and manufacturers – no monopoly由生产和制造商们创造了健康的竞争环境,无垄断
  • Creates a desire for better and more efficient products – makes money and makes our lives easier创造了对更好、更高效产品的渴望 —— 赚钱并且让我们的生活更轻松
  • Demand for products means more jobs对产品的需求意味着更多的就业机会

Negative social effects负面的社会影响

  • People never satisfied withwhat they have so keep consuming人们从不满足于他们所拥有的,所以他们不断地消费
  • People keep consuming so they get into debt人们不断消费,因此负债
  •  Constant comparison to what other people have经常与别人比较
  • Technology changing all the time, so new products soon become old and obsolete技术日新月异,所以新产品很快就会过时
  • Creates waste – bad for the environment造成浪费 —— 对环境有害
  • People work longer hours to have more money to spend – neglect health, family人们为了有更多的钱,工作更长的时间 —— 忽视健康、家庭

Paragraph One

(主体)第一段

I decided the first paragraph would focus on the positive economic effects, and chose two points to focus on.

(本文主体段) 第一段将重点放在积极的经济影响上,并选择了两点作为重点。

  • Boosts the economy by people spending
  • Demand for products means more jobs

Paragraph Two

(主体)第二段

In the second paragraph, I gave my own opinion and focused on two specific negative social effects of advertising.

在(主体)第二段中,我给出了自己的观点,并重点讨论了广告的两个具体负面社会效应。 

  • Creates waste – bad for the environment
  • People work longer hours to have more money to spend – neglect health, family

Key Words and Phrases关键词及词组
Advertising 广告, economic growth 经济增长, consumer demand 消费需求, job creation 工作机会, over-consumption 过渡消费, longer work hours 更长的工作时间, social effects of advertising 广告的社会影响, environmental impact 环境影响, waste 浪费, sustainability 可持续性。

全文

As advertising becomes increasingly pervasive 充斥各处的 and invasive 浸袭的 , concerns and questions have arisen regarding the effects it may be having on the economy and on society. Some people believe the economic effects are positive, whereas others argue the social effects of advertising are negative. This essay will discuss both views and offer my own opinion.
随着广告变得越来越普遍和侵入性,人们对广告可能对经济和社会产生的影响产生了担忧和问题。一些人认为经济影响是积极的,而另一些人则认为广告的社会影响是负面的。这篇文章将讨论这两种观点,并提出我自己的观点。

Of course, advertising creates a desire in people to spend, and by spending, a nation’s economy is boosted 经济被促进. This furthers economic growth 推进经济增长, so companies have more cash to procure capital 筹集资金, improve technology 改善技术, expand and grow. These increase productivity and further stimulate the economy. Furthermore, they are able to spend on infrastructure, which in turn creates more jobs for more workers. This way, more people are able to make a living. It can also create further economic growth – for example, construction of a new highway also entails 使成为必需 other investments, like gas stations, cafes and retail stores 零售商店.
当然,广告会产生人们消费的欲望,通过支出,一个国家的经济会得到提振。这进一步促进了经济增长,因此公司有更多的现金来获取资本、改善技术、扩张和增长。这些措施提高了生产率,并进一步刺激了经济。此外,他们还能够在基础设施上支出,这反过来又为更多的工人创造了更多的就业机会。这样,就有更多的人能够谋生。它还可以创造进一步的经济增长——例如,修建一条新的高速公路还需要其他投资,如加油站、咖啡馆和零售商店。

However, I agree that the negative social effects of advertising cannot be ignored, and outweigh the economic positives. Firstly, advertising and the desire it creates in people to spend more and more money means people have to work longer hours in order to buy. This means they spend more time away from their families, which can cause real damage to relationships.Furthermore, they may also neglect their own health, causing illness and more bills. Secondly, by incessantly purchasing products, we create real damage to the environment and our health – many products are not sustainable or recyclable, may be toxic or create heavy air pollution. One study found that the production and use of household goods was responsible for at least 60% of global greenhouse gas emissions 全球温室气体排放. 然而,我同意广告的负面社会影响不能被忽视,而且超过了经济上的积极影响。首先,广告和它对人们花越来越多钱的渴望意味着人们必须花更长的时间才能购买。这意味着他们会花更多的时间远离家人,这可能会对人际关系造成真正的损害。此外,他们还可能忽视自己的健康,导致疾病和更多的账单。其次,通过不断购买产品,我们会对环境和健康造成真正的损害——许多产品是不可持续或可回收的,可能会有毒或造成严重的空气污染。一项研究发现,家庭用品的生产和使用至少占全球温室气体排放量的60%。
Though advertising creates a demand for products that do help the economy, we cannotafford to ignore 不容忽视 the detrimental impact 有害影响 it has on our society. We must ensure a balance is found.
虽然广告创造了对确实能帮助经济的产品的需求,但我们不能忽视它对我们社会的有害影响。我们必须确保找到一个平衡。

分类
ielts 范文

社会类雅思大作文8分范文 | 怎样鼓励当地人参观博物馆和历史遗址

Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists rather than local people. Why is this? What can be done to encourage local people to visit museums and historical sites?

许多博物馆和历史遗址主要是由游客而不是当地人来参观的。为什么是这样?怎样才能鼓励当地人参观博物馆和历史遗址呢?

社会类题材

Brainstorming 头脑风暴

I started by brainstorming reasons why tourists might visit and locals might not, and then listing ways to encourage locals to visit. I also read articles on the topic from The New York Times, National Geographic and Traveller magazine, and also researched information from tourism websites.

我首先头脑风暴游客可能会参观,然后列出鼓励当地人参观的方法。我还阅读了《纽约时报》、《国家地理》和《旅行者》杂志上关于这个主题的文章,也研究了旅游网站上的信息。

Reasons why:

  • Tourists – new places are existing, whereas tourists may be complacent as they can visit anytime
  • These sites may not be advertised locally
  • Locals may not have time – have to work, have school etc
  • Too expensive for locals

原因:

  • 游客——新的地方是存在的,而游客应该会满足,因为他们可以随时参观
  • 这些网站可能不会在当地做广告
  • 当地人可能没有时间,必须工作,必须上学等等
  • 对当地人来说太贵了

How to encourage locals:

  • Offer discounts to locals
  • Open at times they can attend – use UK museum example
  • Make events – fairs, markets etc
  • Advertise in local newspapers, radio etc
  • Bring exhibits from other places to the community

如何鼓励当地人:

  • 向当地人提供折扣
  • 有时他们有时可以参加——以英国博物馆为例
  • 举办活动博览会、市场等
  • 在当地报纸、广播公司等报纸上做广告
  • 把从其他地方来的展览带到社区

I decided the first paragraph would focus on the reasons why, and chose two points to focus on:我决定将(主体)第一段的重点放在原因上,并选择了两点具体阐述:Paragraph one:

  • Tourists – new places are existing, whereas tourists may be complacent as they can visit anytime
  • Locals may not have time – have to work, have school etc.

(主体)第一段:

  • 游客——新的地方是存在的,而游客应该会满足,因为他们可以随时参观
  • 当地人可能没有时间,必须工作,必须上学等等

In the second paragraph, I focused on ways to encourage locals, and picked three main ways:在(主体)第二段中,我重点描述了鼓励当地人的方法,并提出了三种主要做法:Paragraph two:

  • Open at times they can attend – use UK museum example
  • Make events – fairs, markets etc
  • Bring exhibits from other places to the community

(主体)第二段:

  • 有时他们有时可以参加——以英国博物馆为例
  • 举办活动博览会、市场等
  • 把从其他地方带来的展览带到社区

Key words and phrases: 关键词和短语:

museum visitors 博物馆游客

tourist statistics 旅游统计

local museums 当地博物馆

historical sites 历史遗址

encourage locals tourism 鼓励当地旅游

discounts for locals 当地人的折扣

exhibitions 展览

travelling exhibitions 旅游展览

8分范文

In many towns and cities, museums and historical sites are popular places to go and learn about history, culture and art. However, the majority of these facilities are visited by tourists, rather than locals. This essay will discuss why this might be, and consider what can done to encourage local people to visit.

For many tourists, learning about the history of a new place is exciting and informative. They make plans, save money and book tickets months in advance for these visits. On the other hand, for locals, a sense of complacency can reduce any real urgency to visit. Therefore, locals tend not to attend, as they know these sites will be there for many years. Moreover, tourists are on holiday, so have the time and resources to spend travelling and attending exhibitions. Conversely, locals have their normal day-to-day responsibilities to attend to, and may find that they do not have the time to sight-see, or that these sites are not open at times that suit them.

One important way to encourage locals to visit is to bring in temporary exhibitions and displays from other parts of the country, and indeed the world. This way, locals will attend as they know these exhibits will not remain there, and they also get to experience different cultures and art. Curators and managers could also create events around these exhibits, like fairs, talks and markets, as another way to encourage locals to attend. Additionally, these sites should consider opening for longer hours, so that locals are able to attend outside of working hours. One museum in the UK found their visitor numbers went up 25% just by opening for two hours longer on Friday evenings.

It is important that museums and historical sites remain open, and we can only their viability by encouraging visitors, both tourists and locals alike.

译文

在许多城镇和城市,博物馆和历史遗址是学习历史、文化和艺术的热门地方。然而,这些设施中的大多数是游客,而不是当地人。这篇文章将讨论为什么会这样,并考虑可以做些什么来鼓励当地人的访问。

对许多游客来说,了解一个新地方的历史是令人兴奋的和信息丰富的。他们制定计划,省钱,并提前几个月预订机票。另一方面,对当地人来说,自满感可以减少任何真正的紧迫性。因此,当地人往往不参加,因为他们知道这些网站将在那里待很多年。此外,游客都在度假,也有时间和资源来花旅行和参加展览。相反,当地人有他们正常的日常责任,他们可能会发现他们没有时间去看,或者这些网站在适合他们的时候不开放。

鼓励当地人参观的一个重要方法是引进来自该国其他地区,乃至世界各地的临时展览和展览。这样,当地人就会参加,因为他们知道这些展览不会留在那里,他们也可以体验不同的文化和艺术。策展人和经理还可以围绕这些展览举办活动,如博览会、演讲和集市,作为鼓励当地人参加的另一种方式。此外,这些网站应该考虑开放更长的时间,这样当地人就能够在工作时间外参加。英国的一家博物馆发现,只要在周五晚再开放两个小时,他们的游客人数就增加了25%。

博物馆和历史遗址必须保持开放,而博物馆和历史遗址是很重要的,我们只能通过鼓励游客和当地人来生存。

分类
ielts 范文

5月29日大陆雅思写作8分范文 | 广告的积极影响和消极影响 ​​​

Some people think advertising may have positive economic effects. Others think it has negative social effects because individuals are not satisfied with who they are and what they have. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

有些人认为广告可能会产生积极的经济影响。另一些人则认为它有负面的社会影响,因为个人对自己是谁和他们拥有什么不满意。讨论这两种观点,并发表你的意见。

媒体类+社会类的双观点讨论题

Brainstorming 头脑风暴

I started by brainstorming on the positive economic effects of advertising, and then what the negative social effects might be. I also researched the subject through articles in The New Yorker, Forbes magazine, The Guardian and CNN, and read articles from finance, psychology and advertising websites. I then listed the points.

我首先用头脑风暴来讨论广告对积极的经济影响,然后是负面的社会影响可能是什么。我还通过《纽约客》、《福布斯》杂志、《卫报》和CNN上的文章来研究这个主题,并阅读了来自金融、心理学和广告网站上的文章。然后我列出了这些要点。

Positive economic effects:

  • Boosts the economy by people spending
  • Creates healthy competition by producers and manufacturers – no monopoly
  • Creates a desire for better and more efficient products – makes money and makes our lives easier
  • Demand for products means more jobs

积极的经济影响:

  • 通过人们消费提振经济
  • 由生产者和制造商创造健康的竞争,没有垄断
  • 创造了对更好、更高效的产品的渴望——赚钱,使我们的生活更容易
  • 对产品的需求意味着会有更多的工作机会

Negative social effects:

  • People never satisfied with what they have so keep consuming
  • People keep consuming so they get into debt
  • Constant comparison to what other people have
  • Technology changing all the time, so new products soon become old and obsolete
  • Creates waste – bad for the environment
  • People work longer hours to have more money to spend – neglect health, family

负面社会影响:

  • 人们永远都不满足于他们不断消费的东西
  • 人们不断地消费,所以他们就会负债
  • 与其他人的比较
  • 技术一直在变化,所以新产品很快就变老过时
  • 对环境有害
  • 人们工作时间更长,有更多的钱花——忽视健康,家庭

I decided the first paragraph would focus on the positive economic effects, and chose two points to focus on.

我决定将(主体)第一段集中于积极的经济影响,并选择了两点来阐述。

Paragraph one:

  • Boosts the economy by people spending
  • Demand for products means more jobs

(主体)第一段:

  • 通过人们消费提振经济
  • 对产品的需求意味着会有更多的工作机会

In the second paragraph, I gave my own opinion and focused on two specific negative social effects of advertising.

在(主体)第二段中,我给出了我自己的观点,并主要了广告的两个具体的负面社会影响。

Paragraph two:

  • Creates waste – bad for the environment
  • People work longer hours to have more money to spend – neglect health, family

(主体)第二段:

  • 对环境有害
  • 人们工作时间更长,有更多的钱花——忽视健康,家庭

Key words and phrases: 关键词和短语:

advertising 广告

economic growth 经济增长

consumer demand 消费者需求

job creation 创造就业机会

over-consumption 过度消费

longer work hours 延长工作时间

social effects of advertising 广告的社会影响

environmental impact 环境影响

waste 浪费

sustainability 可持续性

8分范文

As advertising becomes increasingly pervasive and invasive, concerns and questions have arisen regarding the effects it may be having on the economy and on society. Some people believe the economic effects are positive, whereas others argue the social effects of advertising are negative. This essay will discuss both views and offer my own opinion.

Of course, advertising creates a desire in people to spend, and by spending, a nation’s economy is boosted. This furthers economic growth, so companies have more cash to procure capital, improve technology, expand and grow. These increase productivity and further stimulate the economy. Furthermore, they are able to spend on infrastructure, which in turn creates more jobs for more workers. This way, more people are able to make a living. It can also create further economic growth – for example, construction of a new highway also entails other investments, like gas stations, cafes and retain stores.

However, I agree that the negative social effects of advertising cannot be ignored, and outweigh the economic positives. Firstly, advertising and the desire it creates in people to spend more and more money means people have to work longer hours in order to buy. This means they spend more time away from their families, which can cause real damage to relationships. Furthermore, they may also neglect their own health, causing illness and more bills. Secondly, by incessantly purchasing products, we create real damage to the environment and our health – many products are not sustainable or recyclable, may be toxic or create heavy air pollution. One study found that the production and use of household goods was responsible for at least 60% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Though advertising creates a demand for products that do help the economy, we cannot afford to ignore the detrimental impact it has on our society. We must ensure a balance is found.

译文

随着广告变得越来越普遍和侵入性,人们对广告可能对经济和社会产生的影响产生了担忧和问题。一些人认为经济影响是积极的,而另一些人则认为广告的社会影响是负面的。这篇文章将讨论这两种观点,并提出我自己的观点。

当然,广告会产生人们消费的欲望,通过支出,一个国家的经济会得到提振。这进一步促进了经济增长,因此公司有更多的现金来获取资本、改善技术、扩张和增长。这些措施提高了生产率,并进一步刺激了经济。此外,他们还能够在基础设施上支出,这反过来又为更多的工人创造了更多的就业机会。这样,就有更多的人能够谋生。它还可以创造进一步的经济增长——例如,修建一条新的高速公路还需要其他投资,如加油站、咖啡馆和零售商店。

然而,我同意广告的负面社会影响不能被忽视,而且超过了经济上的积极影响。首先,广告和它对人们花越来越多钱的渴望意味着人们必须花更长的时间才能购买。这意味着他们会花更多的时间远离家人,这可能会对人际关系造成真正的损害。此外,他们还可能忽视自己的健康,导致疾病和更多的账单。其次,通过不断购买产品,我们会对环境和健康造成真正的损害——许多产品是不可持续或可回收的,可能会有毒或造成严重的空气污染。一项研究发现,家庭用品的生产和使用至少占全球温室气体排放量的60%

虽然广告创造了对确实能帮助经济的产品的需求,但我们不能忽视它对我们社会的有害影响。我们必须确保找到一个平衡。

分类
ielts 范文

9月25日大陆雅思写作8分范文 | 人们应不应该跳槽或者在一个工作从一而终

People who decide on a career path early in their lives and keep to it are more likely to have a satisfying working life than those who change jobs frequently.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

与那些频繁换工作的人相比,那些在人生早期就决定了职业道路并坚持走下去的人更有可能拥有令人满意的工作生活。

你在多大程度上同意或不同意?

***工作类别的题,在2014年1月11日、2014年4月5日、2019年6月7日、2019年12月12日等的考试题目均与“频繁更换工作”这个话题相关。

由OGE雅思外籍成员Tessa提供思路和范文
Brainstorm:

I started by brainstorming the pros and cons of choosing a career path early. I also researched the topic using articles from The Guardian, The New York Times and Al Jazeera, and also using articles from university websites, employment and career websites, and advice from careers advisors. I then listed the reasons:

我首先头脑风暴了选择职业道路的利弊。我还利用《卫报》、《纽约时报》和半岛电视台的文章,以及大学网站、就业和职业网站的文章,以及职业顾问的建议,研究了这个话题。然后我列出了原因:

◆Pros:

  • Provides stability and security
  • Climb the ladder quicker
  • Gain greater knowledge and experience in their chosen area
  • Gives goal to work toward toward

◆赞成的原因

  • 提供稳定性和安全性
  • 晋升要快一点
  • 在他们选择的领域获得更多的知识和经验
  • 有努力的目标

■Cons:

  • Lack of maturity when young
  • Boredom – need variety and challenge
  • Our characters, desires and goals change as we age
  • Lose interest in our career – may become depressed

■反对的原因

  • 年轻时缺乏成熟
  • 无聊-需要变化和挑战
  • 随着年龄的增长,我们的性格、欲望和目标都会发生变化
  • 对事业失去兴趣——可能会变得沮丧

 I decided the first paragraph would focus on the pros, and chose two points to focus:

我决定(主体)第一段将重点放在优点上,并选择了两点作为重点:

☛Paragraph one:

  • Provides stability and security
  • Climb the ladder quicker

☛(主体)第一段

  • 提供稳定性和安全性
  • 爬梯子要快一点

I decided the second paragraph would focus on my own opinion and give the cons of choosing a career path early. Again I focused on two points to develop:

我决定(主体)第二段将集中在我自己的观点上,并给出尽早选择职业道路的缺点。我再次强调了两点去展开说明:

☛Paragraph two:

  • Lack of maturity when young
  • Boredom – need variety and challenge

☛(主体)第二段

  • 年轻时缺乏成熟
  • 无聊-需要变化和挑战

Key words and phrases:

关键词和短语

career path职业道路

employment工作

career choices职业选择

occupation职业

jobs工作

employment受雇

career advice职业建议

job trajectory工作轨迹

change in career转行

8分范文

Deciding what career path to take is an important, significant decision, and one that can have life-determining consequences. Historically, most people have chosen a career path early in their lives and kept to it, believing this results in a more satisfying working life. This essay will examine the pros and cons of such a choice, and offer my own opinion.

Choosing our livelihood early does provide stability. For those finishing high school, choosing a degree based on your future vocation engenders a sense of security. This allows students to focus on their goals, without the doubt or lack of certainty that may arise for a person unsure on what career they will pursue. Furthermore, by choosing a job early and keeping to it, a person can expect to be able to climb the career ladder faster than those who have switched careers often. They are more knowledgeable, experienced and have a wider number of contacts within their chosen industry.

However, I believe that by choosing a career path at an early age, people risk making an important decision while they are emotionally immature, not knowing enough about themselves before making such a crucial choice. Therefore, they may find that they complete their tertiary studies only to find that they are no longer interested in this career path. One study found that a staggering 9 out of 10 people aged between 21 and 65 say that they regret their career choices. Moreover, by staying within one career we risk becoming bored, with a lack of variety, challenges and new information. By diversifying our employment, we are more likely to be invigorated by our jobs and feel fulfilled.

Though career stability is important, it is equally essential to consider the ways our lives and indeed, characters, may change as we age, and so too may our career interests. 

译文

决定走什么样的职业道路是一个重要的、重大的决定,并且可能会产生决定一生的后果。从历史上看,大多数人在人生早期就选择了一条职业道路并坚持下去,认为这会带来更令人满意的工作生活。本文将探讨这种选择的利弊,并提出自己的看法。

尽早选择我们的生计确实能带来稳定。对于那些高中毕业的人来说,根据你未来的职业选择学位会产生一种安全感。这使学生能够专注于自己的目标,而不必怀疑或缺乏确定性,因为对于一个不确定自己将从事什么职业的人来说,这种情况可能会出现。此外,通过提前选择工作并坚持下去,一个人可以期望能够比那些经常转行的人更快地爬上职业阶梯。他们知识更渊博,经验更丰富,在所选行业内有更多的人脉。

然而,我相信,如果人们在很小的时候就选择了一条职业道路,那么当他们在情感上还不成熟,在做出如此重要的选择之前对自己了解不够的时候,他们就有可能做出一个重要的决定。因此,他们可能会发现他们完成了高等教育,却发现他们对这条职业道路不再感兴趣。一项研究发现,在21岁到65岁之间的人中,十分之九的人说他们后悔自己的职业选择。此外,由于缺乏多样性、挑战和新信息,如果只从事一种职业,我们可能会感到厌倦。通过使我们的就业多样化,我们更有可能因工作而充满活力,并感到满足。

虽然职业稳定是重要的,但同样重要的是要考虑我们的生活方式和性质,可能随着年龄的变化,我们的职业兴趣也可能改变。

分类
ielts 范文

2021年5月20日雅思考试大陆卷|学习一种文化的最好方法是否是学习它的语言

2021年5月20日雅思考试

大陆卷:Many people think that the best way to learn a culture is to learn the language of it. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

许多人认为学习一种文化的最好方法是学习它的语言。你在多大程度上同意或不同意?

Brainstorm:

I started by listing reasons why learning a language is important, and then listing other ways we can learn about a culture. I also read articles from The New Yorker, CNN and BBC, and read journal articles from travel websites, government immigration sites and tourism sites. I then listed the points I had made:

我首先列举了学习一门语言的重要性的原因,然后列举了学习一种文化的其他方法。我还阅读《纽约客》、CNN和BBC的文章,以及旅游网站、政府移民网站和旅游网站上的期刊文章。然后我列出了我的观点:

Benefits to learning language:

· Better understanding – less miscommunication

· Learn the humour

· Shows a willingness to engage and immerse oneself, shows respect

· Helps to build friendships

学习语言的好处:

更好的理解——更少的误解

学习幽默

表现出参与和融入其中的意愿,表示尊重

帮助建立友谊

Other ways to learn another culture:

· Learn their traditions

· Learn their history as this tells us about how they came to be, and how it affects them now

· Learn through arts, sports, music

· Learn through festivals and celebrations

· Learn through living with locals

其他方法来了解另一种文化:

了解他们的传统

学习他们的历史文化,这告诉我们他们的由来,以及对他们产生了怎样的影响

了解他们的节日和聚会

学习艺术、体育、音乐学习

了解本地的生活

I decided that though learning a language is important, the other ways to learn about a culture were better overall. I decided the first paragraph would focus on the benefits of learning a language to understand a culture, and picked two points to develop.

虽然学习一门语言是很重要的,但总的来说,了解一种文化这种方式更好。我决定把第一段的重点放在学习一门语言来理解一种文化的好处上,并挑了两点加以阐述。

Paragraph one:

· Better understanding – less miscommunication

· Shows a willingness to engage and immerse oneself, shows respect

(主体)第一段

  • 好的理解——更少的误解
  • 表现出参与和沉浸的意愿,表示尊重

In the second paragraph, I gave my opinion and discussed other ways to learn another culture, again using two points to focus on:

第二段,我给出了我的观点,并讨论了学习另一种文化的其他方法,并再次聚焦在以下两点上:

Paragraph two:

· Learn their traditions

· Learn through festivals and celebrations

(主体)第二段

  • 了解他们的传统
  • 了解他们的节日和聚会

Keywords and phrases:关键词和短语

Learning language 语言学习

culture文化

traditions传统

history历史

immigration移民

moving to another country去往另一个国家

food食物

arts艺术

music音乐

sport体育

Japanese festivals日本节日

education教育

8分范文

To understand another culture, we can visit the country, eat the food, and observe their traditions. However, an overwhelming amount of people choose to learn the language of another culture. This essay will consider if learning a language is indeed the best way to know another culture, and offer my own opinion on this discussion.

Clearly, learning the language of another nation helps us to communicate and share our thoughts and beliefs. It also reduces the risk of misunderstanding and misinterpretation, which could otherwise lead to disagreements. By learning a language, we get to know the local people through their own perspective, and gain valuable insights into their lives, traditions and values. Furthermore, by educating ourselves in the language of another, we show a willingness to learn and a respect for others. For example, research shows that locals are more likely to welcome foreigners to their country who speak their language, as it shows they genuinely care and want to be involved.

However, though language is important, I believe there are more effective ways to learn another culture. Firstly, it is especially salient to know their traditions. Traditions are long-held customs that have been passed down from generation to generation, and by learning these, we show a respect for history and we gain a more expansive, nuanced understanding. Moreover, many countries today celebrate their heritage and culture through different forms. We can learn about their culture through the arts – like painting, music or dance – or through their festivals. For instance, in Japan they have the Hanami festival, to celebrate the blooming of the cherry blossom trees. This festival dates back 1000 years, and teaches us many aspects of the Japanese culture.

We should learn another culture’s language, but we should also learn their history and traditions, in order to gain a well-rounded education.

译文

为了了解另一种文化,我们可以参观这个国家,吃他们的食物,并遵守他们的传统。然而,大量的人选择学习另一种文化的语言。这篇文章将讨论学习一门语言是否真的是了解另一种文化的最好方式,并就这个讨论提出我自己的观点。

显然,学习另一个国家的语言有助于我们交流和分享我们的思想和信仰。它还减少了可能导致分歧的误解和误解的风险。通过学习一门语言,我们可以通过当地人的视角了解他们,并对他们的生活、传统和价值观有宝贵的见解。此外,通过学习他人的语言,我们表现出学习的意愿和对他人的尊重。例如,研究表明,当地人更可能欢迎说他们语言的外国人来他们的国家,因为这表明他们真的关心并想要参与。

然而,尽管语言很重要,我相信有更有效的方法来学习另一种文化。首先,了解他们的传统是特别重要的。传统是代代相传的传统,通过学习这些传统,我们体现了对历史的尊重,也获得了更广泛、更细致的理解。此外,今天许多国家通过不同的形式庆祝他们的遗产和文化。我们可以通过艺术——如绘画、音乐或舞蹈——或通过他们的节日了解他们的文化。例如,日本有“花见节”,庆祝樱花树的盛开。这个节日可以追溯到1000年前,它教会我们日本文化的许多方面。

我们应该学习另一种文化的语言,但我们也应该学习他们的历史和传统,以便获得全面的教育。

Good luck with your IELTS test
【作者介绍】Tessa,OGE雅思外籍成员,母语为英语,新西兰坎特伯雷大学英语文学和法语专业。(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)

分类
ielts 范文

2021.7.10雅思大陆写作8分作文 | 扫盲是否比青年教育更重要

​​The education of young people is highly prioritized in many countries. However, educating adults who cannot write or read is even more important and governments should spend more money on this. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

许多国家都高度重视年轻人的教育。然而,教育不会写或读的成年人更为重要,政府应该在这方面花更多的钱。你在多大程度上同意或不同意?

由OGE雅思外籍成员Viola提供写作思路与范文

8 分 范 文

The majority of countries in the world provide free education for children. For example in China and Korea, there is primary to secondary school education. These institutions(公共机构 ) are often heavily subsidized(资助) by the government. Despite that(尽管如此), some believe that teaching illiterate(文盲的) adults how to read or write should be prioritized. While I agree that this is crucial, the education of young people must also not be neglected.

Nations like Norway, Finland, and Germany are famous for their free tertiary education(高等教育). This is offered to locals and international students alike, proving that governments value higher education for their citizens. Undeniably, young people require assistance to pursue further academia(学术生涯). Since they are the future workforce, investing into them is practical.

However, if adults do not receive proper education,illiteracy(文盲) will impact the society as a whole. The main issue is unemployment among older people. Employment opportunities are slim(微小的) for those without the basic skill of reading and writing. They often have lower earnings, poorer health and higher rates ofincarceration(监禁). Also, they are more prone to workplace accidents or misuse ofmedication(药物). These factors mayhinder(阻碍) society’s development overall. Therefore, governments should focus more on educating illiterate adults if they hope to encourage economic and social growth. Research shows that there is a direct positive correlation(正相关) between literacy rate and per capita(人均) income in a country. If governments can spend money effectively on improving the country’s literacy, the whole of society may be improved.

In conclusion, I believe that the government’s goal should be to achieve basic literacy for the whole population. In turn, this ensures that people can continue to gain knowledge with help from the internet and other free resources. Governments should allocate money towards improving literacy rates for adults, especially the convicts(罪犯) and unemployed, who have urgent need for it in ourtext-heavy(重视文化的) world.

【作者介绍】Viola,出生于香港,OGE雅思教研团队成员,奥克兰大学跨国文化与创新实践专业,全球研究学士学位课程。(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)

Brainstorming

头 脑 风 暴

段落1:强调教育的重要性观点:对于年轻人的教育和对于成年人的“扫盲”同样重要—-不同意题目观点

段落2:让步段:以几个欧洲国家为例,论述了免费的高等教育对于年轻人未来事业发展的帮助。

段落3:转折段1:以经济收入和医疗为例,论述了低识字率对于国家社会的危害。

段落4:转折段2:以识字率与人均收入关系的调查为例,再次强调提高识字率的重要性

段落5:结论:政府应优先提升民众的识字率,与第一段相呼应

名 师 点 评

本文为8分范文。该题目考察的是一个新的话题方向,可以总结为普通高等教育和扫盲教育重要性的对比关系。同时,对于强调比较关系的单观点题目,不同意的观点不一定是A没有B重要,而是两者同样重要,这也是笔者这篇文章的论证主题所在,两者的重要性都写也可以丰富文中的观点内容。此外,对于教育这一普遍性话题,论证其重要性也需跳出教育本身的框架,结合就业,社会等多个方面去进行论证,所以这里也建议‘烤鸭’们更多地把教育话题看做综合型话题来论述。

【点评教师】周文丽Vivien。OGE雅思写作主讲。英国斯特拉斯克莱德大学学士学位,谢菲尔德大学硕士学位,对雅思考试的命题思路研究深刻透彻。

~End~

Good luck with your IELTS test

分类
ielts 范文

剑5 T4 小作文 | 6个城市的地铁系统 9分范文

The table below gives information about the underground railway systems in six cities.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

下表给出了有关地下铁路的信息六个城市的系统。

通过选择和报告主要特征总结信息,并在相关情况下进行比较。

高分范文

The table above displays statistics(展示统计) of underground railway systems(地铁系统)in major cities across different countries(主要城市). All the systems have millions of passengers per year.

The railway systems with the most passengers(旅客最多) are in London, Paris and Tokyo, which also happen to be (恰巧是)the cities which opened their systems(开放体系) the earliest(最早) in the chart. The London(伦敦) underground railway system is the oldest(最古老) and also thelongest(最长) railway system. It was opened in 1863 and is 394 kilometers long. The Tokyo(东京) underground railway system opened in 1927 and leads the chart (表格中居首)with 1927 million passengers per year.

Conversely(相反), the most recently opened (最近开放)railway systems inKyoto and Los Angeles are much shorter(短的多) and have less passengers(更少的旅客). Kyoto’s underground railway system in particular is only 11 kilometers long and has 45 million passengers per year, barely two percent of Tokyo’s annual railway users.

Another trend(另一个趋势) is cities that are highly populated(人口稠密的)also seem to have more railway passengers(更多的旅客). More commuters may rely on the railway system for transport in these urbanized cities.

In conclusion, the underground railway systems that have been established forthe longest have the most passengers, which are also situated in cities with a high population.

写作思路

首先分析图表的主要数据特征,并列出来:

1. 注意到整体特征是,6个城市都是不同国家的主要城市,旅客数都以百万计(in millions)。

2. 前三个国家,伦敦(London)巴黎(Paris)东京(Tokyo)在旅客人数上明显多于后三个国家。其中旅客最多的是东京(Tokyo),此外,这三个国家地铁开放的时间也较早。

3. 后三个数据与前面形成了对比,地铁开放日期比较近,而且旅客少很多。

然后决定了写作思路:

导言部分:加上第1个整体特征。

主体内容:

第1段:前三个国家为一组,描述列出的第2个特征。

第2段:后三个国家为一组,描述第列出的第3个特征。

第3段:增加了自己的观点,人口稠密也是旅客多的一个主要因素。

结尾段:描述了以上数据得出的结论。

关键词

  • underground railway systems 地下铁路系统
  • major cities主要城市
  • the most passengers旅客最多
  • less passengers更少的旅客
  • leads the chart表中领先
  • highly populated人口稠密的
  • commuters 通勤者
  • urbanized cities城市化的城市

~End~

Good Luck with your IELTS Test

作者:Viola, 出生于香港,OGE雅思教研团队成员,就读奥克兰大学跨国文化与创新实践专业,全球研究学士学位课程。

分类
ielts 范文

雅思8分作文 | 旅游业的发展是否利大于弊

International travel is becoming cheaper, and more and more countries open their door and welcome more and more tourists. Do the advantages of the increased tourism outweigh its disadvantages?

出国旅行变得越来越便宜,越来越多的国家打开大门,欢迎游客的到来。旅游业发展带来的好处是否多于它的坏处?

由OGE雅思外籍成员Tessa提供写作思路与范文

​8 分 范 文

As international travel has become cheaper, more countries have started to embrace (拥抱)tourism as a staple (主要产品)of their culture and income. Increased tourism has helped expand their economy, globalized (使全球化)cultural traditions, and diversified(使多样化) other practices. Yet it has also introduced significant issues such as environmental concerns and a dangerous dependency on tourism for infrastructure and wealth.

The increase in tourism has helped countries to educate others on their culture and religions(宗教), benefiting both the country by spreading knowledge and the tourist by enriching their life experience. This has helped diversify the cultures we see around the world which helps sustain(维持) tourism for the long-term. Economic growth is another advantage of increased tourism as there is a heightened(提高) need for local products and businesses, and thus an increase in profits for the country in question.

However, increased tourism has also introduced environmental concerns as we see carbon emissions and greenhouse gases increase alongside tourism. With tourism taking an estimated(估计) 8% of global greenhouse gas emissions, there is a significant danger for climate change and global warming. Countries who rely on tourism as their primary source of income have also suffered recently from Covid-19 which has practically shut down(停工) the tourism industry due to the need for lockdowns(封锁) and isolation(隔离). This highlights(突出) the danger of dependency on tourism, as natural disasters or global restrictions can lead to economic ruin(毁坏) if there is no backup plan(备份计划) in place.

Overall, the advantages significantly outweigh the disadvantages of increased tourism as it allows many countries to prosper(繁荣). Local governments need to take into consideration potential environmental concerns and implement(实施) smarter and greener solutions. It is also important for countries to have crisis(危机) plans in place for uncontrollable disasters.

Brainstorming

写 作 思 路

段落1:

  • 转述题目,简略地提出可能存在的好处和坏处

段落2:

  • advantages
  • 传播文化
  • 发展经济

段落3:

  • disadvantages
  • 破坏环境(碳排放)
  • 国家经济对旅游业过于依赖

段落4:

  • 结论:好处多于坏处,但国家在发展旅游业的同时也要处理好可能出现的问题

~End~

Good luck with your IELTS test

【作者介绍】Tessa,OGE雅思外籍成员,母语为英语,新西兰坎特伯雷大学英语文学和法语专业。(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)

分类
ielts 范文

2021.9.4大陆雅思写作8分范文|无人驾驶汽车的广泛使用

It will be better to have wide use of driverless cars for individuals and society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?

对于个人和社会来说,无人驾驶汽车的广泛使用会更好。您在多大程度上同意或不同意?

由OGE雅思外籍成员Tessa提供写作思路与范文

8分范文

While the work on creating fully driverless cars is still in progress, some people say that should it become a reality, then driverless cars should be used widely. They assert that this has real benefits for individuals and society. This essay will discuss the pros and cons, and offer my own opinion on this statement.

Those with reservations cite traffic congestion as a real concern. If autonomous cars become popular, we could see a significant increase in the number of cars on the road. People who were unable to drive would have the opportunity to use these cars instead, meaning that the number of vehicles in circulation could rise dramatically. Additionally, there is the potential loss of jobs for many people, should driverless cars become the norm. Uber and taxi drivers, as well as truck drivers transporting goods cross-country, would have their livelihoods severely impacted by such a change. Furthermore, an increase in unemployed citizens will have societal repercussions.

However, I believe there are considerable benefits to autonomous vehicles being widely used. Firstly, there is the human and social benefit, with the potential for lives being saved. An estimated 90% of all road fatalities are attributed to human error. Speeding, drink driving and distractions occur frequently, with 1.3 million people killed worldwide each year in traffic accidents. Removing the human element from driving would reduce accidents and save many lives. Secondly, the majority of driverless cars will be electric, which will have cruical benefits for the environment. Electric vehicle use would reduce the amount of emissions released into the atmosphere, which means a healthier, cleaner environment for people, and much less illness.

Though the reality of autonomous cars is still a way off, the benefits to individuals and society greatly outweigh the negatives and should be considered.

Brainstorming:

写作思路

Firstly I started brainstorming my own list of pros and cons for wide-use driverless cars. I then researched the topic by reading articles and opinion pieces, from The Guardian, CNN and The New York Times. I also consulted traffic websites, vehicle websites and statistics on road fatalities.

开始的时候,我先列出自己的关于广泛使用无人驾驶汽车的优缺点。然后,我通过阅读《卫报》、CNN和《纽约时报》的文章和评论文章来研究这个话题。我还查阅了交通网站、车辆网站和道路死亡统计数据。

Cons:

  • Increase of vehicles affects congestion
  • Risk of criminal hacking / computer crashes or glitches
  • Loss of jobs – taxi, Uber, truck drivers
  • Expenses – could initially be very expensive to purchase
  • People that like to drive- may not be able to should manually driven cars stop being made

缺点:

  • 车辆增加会影响交通拥堵
  • 犯罪黑客/计算机崩溃或故障风险
  • 失业—出租车、优步、卡车司机
  • 费用—最初可能非常昂贵
  • 喜欢驾驶的人-如果手动驾驶的汽车停止制造,可能无法驾驶

Pros:

  • Lives saved – removes the risk of human error, so significant drop in crashes.
  • Economic benefits — cost to taxpayers for road crashes would decrease if number of crashes decreases
  • People who can’t drive would have accessibility
  • Better for the environment – less emissions with electric vehicles
  • People who don’t like driving can travel without having to drive
  • Quicker commute times – computers sense if other vehicles too close, reduces traffic jams and congestion

优点:

  • 拯救生命 — 消除人为错误的风险,从而显著降低事故率。
  • 经济效益 — 如果交通事故数量减少,纳税人在道路交通事故中的成本将降低
  • 不会开车的人将有无障碍
  • 更好地保护环境 — 电动汽车排放更少
  • 不喜欢开车的人可以不开车出行
  • 更快的通勤时间 — 如果其他车辆太近,计算机会感应,减少交通堵塞

After listing the pros and cons, I decided I was pro-driverless cars. I decided the first paragraph would focus on the negatives, and chose two points to focus on.

在列举了优缺点之后,我决定支持无人驾驶汽车。我决定(内容)第一段将重点放在消极的方面,并选择了两个重点。

Paragraph one:

  • Increase of vehicles affects congestion
  • Loss of jobs – taxi, Uber, truck drivers

(内容)第一段:

  • 车辆增加会影响交通拥堵
  • 失业——出租车、优步、卡车司机

The second paragraph would state my opinion and focus on the positives. Again I chose two points to develop, and used statistics to back this up.

(内容)第二段将陈述我的观点,并侧重于积极的方面。我再次选择了两个要点进行展开,并使用统计数据来支持这一点。

Paragraph two:

  • Lives saved – removes the risk of human error, so significant drop in crashes – use statistics
  • Better for the environment – less emissions with electric vehicles

(内容)第二段:

  • 挽救了生命 — 消除了人为错误的风险,因此交通事故显著减少— 使用统计数据
  • 更好地保护环境 — 电动汽车排放更少

Key words/phrases:关键词/短语:

  • Driverless cars无人驾驶汽车
  • pros and cons of autonomous cars自动驾驶汽车的利弊
  • traffic fatalities statistics 交通事故统计
  • environmental impact环境影响
  • driverless cars cost and prices无人驾驶汽车成本和价格
  • electric vehicles电动汽车
  • traffic congestion交通拥堵
  • Tesla特斯拉
  • Google driverless car谷歌无人驾驶汽车

全文翻译

虽然创造全无人驾驶汽车的工作仍在进行中,但一些人说,如果这成为现实,那么无人驾驶汽车应该得到广泛应用。他们断言,这对个人和社会都有真正的好处。本文将讨论其利弊,并对这一说法提出自己的看法。

持保留意见的人认为交通拥堵是一个真正的问题。如果自动驾驶汽车变得流行,我们可以看到道路上的汽车数量显著增加。无法驾驶的人将有机会使用这些汽车,这意味着流通中的车辆数量可能会大幅增加。此外,如果无人驾驶汽车成为常态,许多人可能会失业。Uber和出租车司机,以及跨国运输货物的卡车司机,都将受到这种变化的严重影响。此外,失业公民的增加将产生社会影响。

然而,我相信广泛使用的自动驾驶汽车有相当大的好处。首先,对人类和社会有益处,以及拯救生命的潜力。据估计,90%的道路死亡事故归因于人为失误。超速、酒后驾驶和分心行为频繁发生,全世界每年有130万人死于交通事故。消除驾驶中的人为因素将减少事故并挽救许多生命。其次,大多数无人驾驶汽车将是电动的,这将对环境产生重大的好处。电动汽车的使用将减少排放到大气中的排放量,这意味着人们将有一个更健康、更清洁的环境,疾病也将大大减少。

虽然自动驾驶汽车的现实还很遥远,但对个人和社会的好处远远大于负面影响,应该予以考虑。

~End~

Good luck with your IELTS test

【作者介绍】Tessa,OGE雅思外籍成员,母语为英语,新西兰坎特伯雷大学英语文学和法语专业。(以上中文由OGE雅思助教团队提供)